O-ring is a simple and versatile ring-shaped sealing device with a circular cross section. It is used to prevent the loss of fluid or gas. By absorbing the tolerance stack-up between connected surfaces in both dynamic and static applications, it acts as a compact and reliable sealing device. They are commonly used in machine design as they are low-cost, easy to manufacture and have simple mounting requirements.
Materials available: Nitrile (NBR), Flurocarbon (FKM/Viton), Ethylene Propylene (EPDM), Hydrogenated Nitrile (HNBR)
Characteristics of O-rings:
- Sealing over a wide range of pressure, temperature and tolerance
- Ease of service, no smearing or retightening
- No critical torque on tightening, therefore unlikely to cause structural damage
- Requires little room and are light in weight
- Can be reused, and advantage over non-elastic flat seals and crush-type gaskets
- The duration of life in the correct application corresponds to the normal aging period of the O-ring material
- O-ring failure is normally gradual and easily identified
- Where differing amounts of compression effects the seals function, an O-ring is not affected because metal to metal contact is generally allowed for.
- O-ring compounds can be selected to resist most environmental extremes
Manufactured by DuPont Performance Elastomers, Kalrez® parts are the elastomer seals of choice for customers who require the very best in the harshest processing environment. Supplying standard O-rings and custom shapes to meet your application needs, Kalrez® resists over 1,800 different chemicals while offering the high temperature stability of PTFE (327°C).
- Slabs and Sheets
- Custom Parts and Shapes (Rod, tubing etc)
Kalrez® Compound Available:
4079, 6375, 7075
6380, 7090, 0090, 0040, 1050LF
Encapsulated O-ring is a two-component circular seal consisting of Teflon encapsulation and elastomer (Silicone / Viton). Encapsulated in a Teflon jacket, it is a chemically resistant seal used to prevent passage of corrosive fluids or gases. This encapsulation protects the elastomer, which imparts memory to the seal, from hostile environments.
Characteristics of Encapsulated O-Rings:
- Corrosion Resistant
- Low absorption
- Uniform dimensions
- Excellent Resilience
- Enclosed Core
- Live Seal
- Abrasion Resistant
- Chemically Inert
- Impact Strength
- Smooth surfaces
- No Swelling
BACK UP RING
Back-up rings are used in conjunction with O-Rings in both static and dynamic sealing applications to help prevent extrusion in high pressure service or compensate for loose fitting parts. The use of loose fitting parts makes for cost reduction in the machining of unit components.
The 90 durometer curve may be used to find the maximum recommended clearance at a given pressure for temperatures up to 74°C. In using these curves, it must be remembered that cylinders tend to expand when pressurized. The extrusion curves can be used in 2 different ways to reap the benefits of backup ring, depending on the application. In low pressure seals, the curves will indicate wider permissible clearances than those given in the design charts. Tolerance on these can be opened up until they permit these larger clearances to occur, resulting in substantial machining economies. When tolerances are increased, however, one must check to be sure that squeeze values cannot become too high or too low.
In high pressure applications, the curves will indicate whether adding a backup ring will permit the use of standard catalogue gland dimensions or whether the clearance will need to reduced further.
In double acting seal assemblies, a backup ring is required on both sides of the O-ring. It is cheap insurance to use 2 backup rings even in single acting installations.
QUAD / X-RING
With a special sealing profile, Quad-rings have four lipped seals that has a double sealing function as compared to O-ring. A wide range of elastomer materials for both standard and special applications allows practically all liquid and gaseous media to be sealed. The choice of a suitable material is determined by the temperature, pressure and media. They are vulcanized as a continuous ring. Quad-rings are supplied to the American Standard AS 568 A.
Characteristics of Quad-ring:
- Avoid twisting in the groove.
- The seal does not tend to roll in the groove during reciprocating movement.
- Low friction. It requires less radial squeeze than a comparable O-ring.
- Less squeeze mean less friction, less wear, and thus a longer service life
- Very good sealing efficiency. Due to it special profile, a high sealing effect is achieved.
- A lubricant reservoir formed between the sealing lips improves start up
30 sizes of O-rings in a handy storage case.
O-ring kit contains 30 of the most popular sizes, for a total of more than 400 O-rings, in one convenient kit. It is ready to use, has easy access and storage to whatever size you need. The storage posts are labelled clearly to provide instant size identification.
Instead of usual O-Rings, O-ring cord is only applicable as a static seal. They are made from extruded strips, and the joint is either by vulcanization or an adhesive. They are the most versatile and economical form of seal to be used today and are accepted by engineers as an essential item in hydraulic and pneumatic equipment.
O-ring cords are available in NBR and Viton.